Village Veterinary Clinic of Hamburg’s Pet of the Week!
Stella is an adorable 15 week old English Mastiff! She was brought in on emergency this past week after not feeling well at doggie daycare. In the morning, they noticed she started to vomited and have diarrhea. She was very lethargic and not herself. She also had a 105 degree fever (high normal for a dog is 102.2 degrees)!
Upon arrival, the doctors examined her. She was dehydrated and lethargic. She also had harsh crackles in her lungs. We immediately took an x-ray to see if she had eaten something she shouldn’t have since she had been vomiting and having diarrhea. We also wanted to examine her lungs because of the abnormal breathing sounds. We also did bloodwork to see if there was an infection causing the fever and to ensure her other organs (liver, kidneys, glucose, enzymes, proteins) were also functioning normally.
Her x-rays revealed that she had pneumonia. In the dog, most cases of pneumonia are caused by a bacterial infection. The most common bacteria that cause pneumonia in the dog are Bordetella bronchiseptica, Streptococcus zooepidemicus, Pasteurella multocida, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, E. coli and Mycoplasma species. Bordetella bronchiseptica is highly contagious and may spread easily to other dogs. It usually causes ‘kennel cough’, but it can spread deeper into the lungs, especially in young or old dogs, or dogs with immune system compromise. Most other causes of bacterial pneumonia are not particularly contagious to other dogs. Sometimes, dogs develop bacterial pneumonia as a secondary infection. In some of these cases, the primary or underlying cause is a viral infection such as parainfluenza or canine adenovirus type-2 (which are viruses that we vaccinate against- this is part of the “distemper” vaccine). In other cases, irritants such as tobacco smoke, smog, or other inhaled pollutants may be the underlying cause that predisposed the dog to a bacterial infection.
Stella remained in the hospital over the weekend for care. She was provided round the clock monitoring and care throughout the weekend. We put her on IV (intravenous) fluids to help rehydrate and balance her electrolytes. IV fluids can also help to maintain body temperature, which allowed us to help bring down Stella’s temperature. We also gave her nebulizer treatments to help open her airways and reduce inflammation. We gave her antibiotics to help treat any bacterial infection that could be causing the pneumonia. We also gave her medications to help settle her stomach since she had been having some vomiting prior to coming in.
After two days in the hospital, Stella was feeling much better! Her temperature had come down into the normal range. She was eating again and taking her medications for us! She was able to go home and continue care with her family!
Village Veterinary Clinic of Hamburg! We are open 7 days a week, 365 days a year (Doctors available daily until midnight. Veterinary technicians available daily 24/7 for phone support and patient monitoring)! 716-646-4023!
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