Vaccinations

Vaccinations

We follow the American Animal Hospital Association and American Veterinary Medical Associations vaccination protocols.  We tailor these protocols to each individual animal, knowing each patient is unique.

Dogs:

Rabies:

  • Required by New York State law.
  • Vaccinated at 12 weeks of age or later (vaccine is good for 1 year)
  • Vaccinated every 3 years thereafter
  • Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Rabies virus can be transmitted to humans and other mammals. Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms appear.

Canine Distemper (DA2P2 and DA2P2+CV):

(Distemper, Adenovirus (type 2), Hepatitis, Parainfluenza, Parvo+ Coronavirus)

  • Vaccinate at the earliest 8 weeks and then every 3-4 weeks (the aforementioned are DA2P2CV) at 16 weeks of age (approximately) (DA2P2 1 year)
  • Vaccinate every 3 years thereafter (DA2P2 3 year)
  • Canine parvovirus is highly contagious and potentially fatal. It attacks the gastrointestinal tract of puppies and dogs.
  • Adenoviruses is spread directly from dog to dog through infected respiratory secretions or by contact with contaminated feces or urine. Can cause infectious tracheobronchitis.
  • Distemper is a highly contagious, often fatal disease caused by a virus that attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and the nervous systems.
  • Parainfluenza virus is a highly contagious respiratory virus.

Kennel Cough

Bordatella:

  • Vaccinate if boarding, grooming, training, dog park
  • Vaccinate yearly
  • Kennel cough is caused by a numerous pathogens (bacterial, viral; typically Bordatella, parainfluenza or adenovirus type 2). It spreads through direct contact (example: licking), or through the air (coughing or sneezing). Pets are most susceptible in these situations: pets that come from shelters, rescues, breeding kennels, pet stores, dog boarding, dog daycares, grooming facilities.

Leptospirosis:

  • Vaccinate at 16 weeks and then in 1 month
  • Vaccinate yearly thereafter
  • Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria that is spread through the urine of infected animals (usually spread by smaller animals and rodents), which can get into water or soil and can survive there for weeks to months. Humans and animals can become infected! The bacteria can enter the body through skin or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth), especially if the skin is broken from a cut or scratch. Drinking contaminated water can also cause infection.

Lyme:

  • Vaccine is only necessary in specific situations
  • More important to keep ticks off the dog with topical preventative (Nexgard, Bravecto, Advantix, Frontline Plus, Frontline Gold)

Lyme is a tick-borne disease cause by a spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi) (which is a type of bacterium).  Once in the bloodstream it moves throughout the body.  The most serious longterm potential issues are kidney dysfunction or failure.

Cats:

Rabies:

  • Required by New York State law.
  • Vaccinated at 12 weeks of age or later (vaccine is good for 1 year)
  • Vaccinated every 3 years thereafter
  • Rabies is a deadly disease caused by a virus that attacks the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). Rabies virus can be transmitted to humans and other mammals. Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms appear.

Feline Distemper (FVRCP) Vaccine

(Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR), Feline Calicivirus (FCV), Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV):

  • Vaccinate at the earliest 8 weeks (1st FVRCP), then 4 weeks later (FVRCP 1 year)
  • Vaccinate every 3 years thereafter IF your cat is indoors (FVRCP 3 year). If your cat goes outdoors, vaccinate yearly (FVRCP 1 year)
  • Feline Rhinotracheitis and Feline Calicivius are both upper respiratory viruses of cats. Feline panleukopenia virus invades the digestive and nervous systems.

Leukemia (FeLV) Vaccine:

  • Vaccinate at the earliest 8 weeks (1st FeLV), then 4 weeks later (FeLV 1 year). This vaccine follows a FeLV/FIV test to ensure your cat has tested negative for the disease prior to vaccinating.
  • Vaccinate yearly thereafter if outdoor
  • Vaccinate if cat goes outdoors or is exposed to other cats that have not been FeLV/FIV tested